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AWS Cost Explorer

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AWS Cost Explorer provides you with a set of default reports that you can use as the starting place for your analysis. From there, use the filtering and grouping capabilities to dive deeper into your cost and usage data and generate custom insights.

The Sumo Logic App for AWS Cost Explorer lets you visualize, understand, and manage your AWS costs and usage over time.

Log types

The AWS Cost Explorer App uses the JSON formatted logs collected using AWS Cost Explorer source.

Sample Log

{
"Timestamp":1647129599999,
"Estimated":true,
"Service":"AmazonCloudWatch",
"Operation":"PutLogEvents",
"region":"us-east-1",
"StartDate":"2022-03-12",
"EndDate":"2022-03-13",
"CostUsd":0.1326919963,
"MetricType":"UnblendedCost",
"Granularity":"Monthly",
"CostType":"cost_service_operation_region_UnblendedCost_Monthly"
}

Sample queries

The following query sample was taken from the Cost by Region panel on the AWS Cost Explorer - Account dashboard.

account={{account}} region CostUsd CostType StartDate EndDate MetricType Granularity Daily
| json "region", "CostUsd", "CostType", "StartDate", "EndDate", "MetricType", "Granularity", "Estimated"
| where MetricType matches "{{MetricType}}" and estimated matches "{{estimated}}"
| where Granularity = "Daily" and CostType = "cost_region_{{MetricType}}_Daily"
| last(CostUsd) as CostUsd by StartDate, EndDate, account, region, CostType, MetricType, Granularity, Estimated
| sum(CostUsd) as total_cost by region
| sort by total_cost, region
| limit 10

Create a AWS Cost Explorer Collector Source

When you create an AWS Cost Explorer collector Source, you add it to an existing Sumo Logic hosted collector. Before creating the Source, you'll need to add a Field-in-Field Schema, Field Extraction Rules, and identify or create the hosted collector you want to use.

Field-in-Field Schema

  1. In the main Sumo Logic menu, select Manage Data > Logs > Fields.
  2. Search for the account and linkedaccount field.
  3. If not present, create it. Learn how to create and manage fields here.

Field Extraction Rules

Create a Field Extraction Rule (FER) for AWS Cost Explorer Logs. Learn how to create a Field Extraction Rule here.

  • Rule Name: AWSCostExplorerFER
  • Applied at: Ingest Time
  • Scope (Specific Data):
    account = * region CostUsd CostType StartDate EndDate MetricType Granularity Service LinkedAccount
  • Parse Expression: Enter a parse expression to create an “account” field that maps to the alias you set for each sub account. For example, if you used the “securityprod” alias for an AWS account with ID "123456789" and the “infraprod” alias for an AWS account with ID "987654321", your parse expression would look like:
    json "LinkedAccount"
    | if (LinkedAccount = "123456789", "securityprod", LinkedAccount ) as LinkedAccount
    | if (LinkedAccount = "987654321", "infraprod", LinkedAccount ) as LinkedAccount

Configure an AWS Cost Explorer Source

To configure an AWS Cost Explorer Source:

  1. O In the main Sumo Logic menu, select Manage Data > Collection > Collection.
  2. On the Collection page, click Add Source next to a Hosted Collector.
  3. Search for and select AWS Cost Explorer.
    aws-cost-explorer-icon
  4. Enter a Name for the Source in the Sumo Logic console. The Description is optional.
    cost-explorer-v2-1-1.png
  5. (Optional) For Source Category, enter any string to tag the output collected from the Source. Category metadata is stored in a searchable field called _sourceCategory.
  6. For Fields, click the +Add link to add custom log metadata. Define the fields you want to associate. Each field needs a name (key) and value.
    • green check circle.png A green circle with a check mark is shown when the field exists and is enabled in the Fields table schema.
    • orange exclamation point.png An orange triangle with an exclamation point is shown when the field doesn't exist, or is disabled, in the Fields table schema. In this case, an option to automatically add or enable the nonexistent fields to the Fields table schema is provided. If a field is sent to Sumo Logic that does not exist in the Fields schema or is disabled it is ignored, known as dropped.

      It is preferable to add an account field (for the dashboards) and assign it a friendly name to identify the corresponding AWS account.
      accountField.png
  7. For the AWS Access Key and AWS Secret Key, provide the IAM User access key and secret key you want to use to authenticate collection requests. Make sure your IAM user has the following IAM policy attached with it.
    {
    "Version": "2012-10-17",
    "Statement": [
    {
    "Sid": "VisualEditor0",
    "Effect": "Allow",
    "Action": [
    "ce:Describe*",
    "ce:Get*",
    "ce:List*",
    "ec2:DescribeRegions"
    ],
    "Resource": "*"
    }
    ]
    }
  8. (Optional) For the Enable Regions field, provide the regions which need to be monitored for cost. The cost incurred across these regions will be fetched separately. The region list here includes all the standard AWS regions along with “global”. “Global” region includes services like Amazon CloudFront, Amazon Route 53, and Amazon IAM. If the field is left empty (default behavior), then data will be fetched from all the enabled regions of the respective AWS account. It is recommended to provide only the regions which are actively used and need to be monitored for cost. This will save the AWS cost for running this source on unused regions.
  9. For the Cost Type, provide supported cost types / MetricTypes. For details on the CostType, see Amazon's Understanding your AWS Cost Datasets: A Cheat Sheet.
    • AmortizedCost
    • BlendedCost
    • NetAmortizedCost
    • NetUnblendedCost
    • UnblendedCost
  10. For Granularity, provide 2 supported granularities for each of the MetricTypes (or cost types):
    • Daily Costs (Polled every 12h)
    • Monthly Costs (Polled every day)
  11. Add Processing Rules.
  12. Click Submit when complete.

Installing the AWS Cost Explorer App

Now that you have set up a collection for AWS Cost Explorer, install the Sumo Logic App to use the pre-configured dashboards that provide visibility into your environment for real-time analysis of overall usage.

To install the app:

  1. Select App Catalog.
  2. In the Search Apps field, search for and then select your app.
  3. Optionally, you can scroll down to preview the dashboards included with the app. Then, click Install App (sometimes this button says Add Integration).
    note

    If your app has multiple versions, you'll need to select the version of the service you're using before installation.

  4. On the next configuration page, under Select Data Source for your App, complete the following fields:
    • Data Source. Select one of the following options:
      • Choose Source Category and select a source category from the list; or
      • Choose Enter a Custom Data Filter, and enter a custom source category beginning with an underscore. For example, _sourceCategory=MyCategory.
    • Folder Name. You can retain the existing name or enter a custom name of your choice for the app.
    • All Folders (optional). Default location is the Personal folder in your Library. If desired, you can choose a different location and/or click New Folder to add it to a new folder.
  5. Click Next.
  6. Look for the dialog confirming that your app was installed successfully.
    app-success.png

Once an app is installed, it will appear in your Personal folder or the folder that you specified. From here, you can share it with other users in your organization. Dashboard panels will automatically start to fill with data matching the time range query received since you created the panel. Results won't be available immediately, but within about 20 minutes, you'll see completed graphs and maps.

Viewing AWS Cost Explorer Dashboards

This section provides examples and descriptions for each of the AWS Cost Explorer pre-configured dashboards.

Account

AWS Cost Explorer - Account dashboard provides detailed information about cost and usage by different AWS accounts.

Use this dashboard to:

  • Monitor and visualize the costs and usage associated with your top cost-accruing AWS accounts detailed breakdown on all AWS accounts
  • Gain a better understanding of your cost trends.
cost explorer dashboard

Region

AWS Cost Explorer - Region dashboard provides detailed information about cost and usage by different AWS Regions within AWS accounts.

Use this dashboard to:

  • Monitor and visualize the costs and usage associated with your top cost-accruing AWS regions across different AWS accounts with detailed breakdown on all AWS accounts / regions
  • Gain a better understanding of your cost trends.
cost explorer dashboard

Services

AWS Cost Explorer - Services dashboard provides detailed information about cost and usage by operations performed by various Services in AWS accounts.

Use this dashboard to:

  • Monitor and visualize the costs and usage associated with your top cost-accruing AWS services with detailed breakdown on all AWS services
  • Gain a better understanding of your cost trends.
cost explorer dashboard

Operations

AWS Cost Explorer - Operations dashboard provides detailed information about cost and usage by operations performed by various Services in AWS accounts.

Use this dashboard to:

  • Monitor and visualize the costs and usage associated with your top cost-accruing operations performed on various AWS services with detailed breakdown on all operations across various AWS services
  • Gain a better understanding of your cost trends.
cost explorer dashboard
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