# where Metrics Operator

You can use the `where`

operator to filter out either entire time series, or individual data points within a time series.

## Syntax

`selectors | where [VALUE BOOLEAN EXPRESSION | REDUCER BOOLEAN EXPRESSION]`

Where:

`[VALUE BOOLEAN EXPRESSION]`

is a value expression that operates on individual data points of a time series. For example,`_value > 3`

For more examples, see Filtering data points

`[REDUCER BOOLEAN EXPRESSION]`

evaluates the value returned from applying an aggregation function to a given time series. For example:`avg > 5`

The supported reducer functions are:

`avg`

. Returns the average of the time series.`min`

. Returns the minimum value in the time series.`max`

. Returns the maximum value in the time series.`sum`

. Returns the sum of the values in the time series.`count`

. Returns the count of data points in the time series.`pct(n)`

. Returns the nth percentile of the values in the time series.`latest`

. Returns the last data point in the time series.

For more examples, see Filtering time series.

## Examples

### Filtering data points

**Syntax**

`metric query | where [VALUE BOOLEAN EXPRESSION]`

**Examples**

This query filters out data points that are less or equal than 5.

`metric=cpu | where _value > 5`

This query filters out data points that are less or equal than the minimum value minus 5.

`metric=cpu | where _value > min - 5`

### Filtering time series

**Syntax 1**

This query returns the time series where the average value of its data points is greater than 3.

`metric=cpu | where avg > 3`

**Syntax 2**

This query filters out time series based on how many times the values of individual data points of a time series meet a value condition over a particular duration.

`metric query | where [VALUE BOOLEAN EXPRESSION] [all | atleast n] [first | any | last] [duration]`

Where:

`[all | atleast n]`

. Use`all`

to specify that all data points within the duration must meet the value condition, or at`least n`

to specify how many data points must meet the value condition.`[first | any | last]`

. Use`first`

,`any`

, or`last`

to specify what part of the time range that duration applies to: the start of the time range, any part of the time range, or the end of the time range.`[duration]`

Use duration to specify the length of time to consider in the query in minutes (m), hours (h), or days (d). For example, 5m, 6h, or 1d.noteAll three of the parameters above are required.

This query only returns the time series that have only values greater than 3 for any consecutive 5 minutes of the time range.

`metric=cpu | where _value > 3 all any 5m`

This query only returns the time series that have at least three data points with values greater than 3 for any consecutive 5 minutes of the time range.

`metric=cpu | where _value > 3 atleast 3 any 5m`