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Palo Alto Firewall 10 Cloud Security Monitoring and Analytics

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The Palo Alto Firewall app helps you analyze traffic and gain a better understanding of your Palo Alto Networks environments. You can dig deep into the data, broken down by threat detection indicators, malware type, and so on.

Sample log messages

The Palo Alto Networks 10 app uses Traffic and Threat logs.

Traffic log
Oct 09 10:19:15 SumPunFw07.sumotest.com 1,2019/10/09 10:19:15,001234567890002,TRAFFIC,drop,2304,2019/10/09 10:19:15,209.118.103.150,160.177.222.249,0.0.0.0,0.0.0.0,InternalServer,,,not-applicable,vsys1,inside,z1-FW-Transit,ethernet1/2,,All traffic,2019/10/09 10:19:15,0,1,63712,443,0,0,0x0,udp,deny,60,60,0,1,2019/10/09 10:19:15,0,any,0,0123456789,0x0,Netherlands,10.0.0.0-10.255.255.255,0,1,0,policy-deny,0,0,0,0,,SumPunFw07,from-policy,,,0,,0,,N/A,0,0,0,0,1202585d-b4d5-5b4c-aaa2-d80d77ba456e,0
Threat log
 786 <10>1 2022-03-29T22:32:26+00:00 PA-VM.demo.bkacad.cf - - - - ,2022/03/29*22:32:26,164859314646745,THREAT,vulnerability,,2022/03/29*22:32:26,156.194.158.165,156.194.158.165,156.194.158.165,156.194.158.165,test-threat,,,unknown-udp,vsys1,Outside,Outside,ethernet1/1,ethernet1/1,Forward-Sumo,,8660,1,47495,9034,0,0,0x2000,udp,drop,,Realtek Jungle SDK Remote Code Execution Vulnerability(91535),any,critical,client-to-server,1648593146467628956,0x0,Korea Republic Of,156.194.158.165-156.194.158.165,,,0,,,0,,,,,,,,0,0,0,0,0,,PA-VM,,,,,N/A_id/0,/,0,,N/A,code-execution,AppThreat-8468-6979,,0,1648593146,,,141fd502-fc32-4867-b9a5-5c421583a44b,0,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,0,2022-03-29T22:32:26.467+00:00,,,,unknown,unknown,unknown,1,,,no,no /

Sample queries

This example query is from the Top 20 Hosts with Outbound Traffic panel of the Outbound Traffic and Potential Exfiltration Activity dashboard.

_sourceCategory = Labs/PaloAltoNetworksv10 TRAFFIC
| csv _raw extract 1 as f1, 2 as Receive_Time, 3 as serialNum, 4 as type, 5 as subtype, 6 as f2, 7 as LogGenerationTime, 8 as src_ip, 9 as dest_ip, 10 as NAT_src_ip, 11 as NAT_dest_ip, 12 as ruleName, 13 as src_user, 14 as dest_user, 15 as app, 16 as vsys, 17 as src_zone, 18 as dest_zone, 19 as inbound_interface, 20 as outbound_interface, 21 as LogAction, 22 as f3, 23 as SessonID, 24 as RepeatCount, 25 as src_port, 26 as dest_port, 27 as NAT_src_port, 28 as NAT_dest_port, 29 as flags, 30 as protocol, 31 as action, 32 as bytes, 33 as bytes_sent, 34 as bytes_recv, 35 as Packets, 36 as StartTime, 37 as ElapsedTime, 38 as Category, 39 as f4, 40 as seqNum, 41 as ActionFlags, 42 as src_Country, 43 as dest_country, 44 as f5, 45 as pkts_sent, 46 as pkts_received, 47 as session_end_reason, 48 as Device_Group_Hierarchy_l1, 49 as Device_Group_Hierarchy_l2, 50 as Device_Group_Hierarchy_l3, 51 as Device_Group_Hierarchy_l4, 52 as vsys_Name, 53 as DeviceName, 54 as action_source, 55 as Source_VM_UUID, 56 as Destination_VM_UUID, 57 as Tunnel_ID_IMSI, 58 as Monitor_Tag_IMEI, 59 as Parent_Session_ID, 60 as parent_start_time, 61 as Tunnel, 62 as SCTP_Association_ID, 63 as SCTP_Chunks, 64 as SCTP_Chunks_Sent, 65 as SCTP_Chunks_Received, 66 as UUIDforrule, 67 as HTTP2Connection, 68 as AppFlapCount ,69 as PolicyID ,70 as LinkSwitches ,71 as SDWANCluster ,72 as SDWANDeviceType ,73 as SDWANClusterType ,74 as SDWANSite ,75 as DynamicUserGroupName ,76 as XFFAddress ,77 as SourceDeviceCategory ,78 as SourceDeviceProfile ,79 as SourceDeviceModel ,80 as SourceDeviceVendor ,81 as SourceDeviceOSFamily ,82 as SourceDeviceOSVersion ,83 as SourceHostname ,84 as SourceMACAddress ,85 as DestinationDeviceCategory ,86 as DestinationDeviceProfile ,87 as DestinationDeviceModel ,88 as DestinationDeviceVendor ,89 as DestinationDeviceOSFamily ,90 as DestinationDeviceOSVersion ,91 as DestinationHostname ,92 as DestinationMACAddress ,93 as ContainerID ,94 as PODNamespace ,95 as PODName ,96 as SourceExternalDynamicList ,97 as DestinationExternalDynamicList ,98 as HostID ,99 as UserDeviceSerialNumber ,100 as SourceDynamicAddressGroup ,101 as DestinationDynamicAddressGroup ,102 as SessionOwner ,103 as HighResolutionTimestamp ,104 as ASliceServiceType ,105 as ASliceDifferentiator
| where type="TRAFFIC"
| isPrivateIP(src_ip) as private_src_ip
| where private_src_ip
| isPublicIP(dest_ip) as public_dest_ip
| where public_dest_ip
| sum(bytes_sent) as bytes_sent, sum(bytes_recv) as bytes_received by src_ip
| top 20 src_ip by bytes_sent

Prerequisites

You must have Palo Alto Networks Web administrative user permissions to successfully complete these tasks.

Collecting Logs for Palo Alto Firewall 10

This section provides instructions for configuring log collection for the Sumo Logic App for Palo Alto Firewall 10, as well as sample log messages and a query example from an app dashboard.

Step 1. Create a hosted collector and Cloud Syslog source

In this step you configure a hosted collector with a Cloud Syslog source that will act as Syslog server to receive logs and events from Palo Alto Networks devices.

To configure a hosted collector with a Cloud Syslog source, do the following:

  1. Log in to Sumo Logic and create a Hosted Collector.
  2. Create a Cloud Syslog Source on the hosted collector, specifying the following:
    • Enter a Source Name.
    • Provide a Source Category: NW/PAN/V10
  3. Click Save.
  4. Copy the Token, host URL and TCP TLS Port to a safe place. You will need this information in the tasks that follow.

Step 2. Define the destination for the logs

In this step you create a server profile where you can define the log destination. This will be the host name, port and protocol (TLS) of the Sumo Logic Cloud Syslog source.

To create a server profile specifying the log destination, do the following:

  1. Login to the Palo Alto Networks Web interface as an administrative user.
  2. Select Device tab > Server Profiles > Syslog.
  3. Click Add at the bottom of the screen and provide endpoint details and a profile name, such as Sumo_Logs_Profile01.
  4. In the Syslog Server Profile window, select the Servers tab and click Add.
  5. In the Servers window, specify the following information:
    • Name. Sumo_CloudSyslog_EndPoint01
    • Syslog Server. URL from Step 1
    • Transport. SSL
    • Port. Port from Step 1
    • Format. IETF
    • Facility. LOG_USER
  6. In the Syslog Server Profile window, select the Custom Log Format tab, and use the following custom formats for the following log types:
    ,$receive_time,$serial,$type,$subtype,,$time_generated,$src,$dst,$natsrc,$natdst,$rule,$srcuser,$dstuser,$app,$vsys,$from,$to,$inbound_if,$outbound_if,$logset,,$sessionid,$repeatcnt,$sport,$dport,$natsport,$natdport,$flags,$proto,$action,$bytes,$bytes_sent,$bytes_received,$packets,$start,$elapsed,$category,,$seqno,$actionflags,$srcloc,$dstloc,,$pkts_sent,$pkts_received,$session_end_reason,$dg_hier_level_1,$dg_hier_level_2,$dg_hier_level_3,$dg_hier_level_4,$vsys_name,$device_name,$action_source,$src_uuid,$dst_uuid,$tunnelid/$imsi,$monitortag/$imei,$parent_session_id,$parent_start_time,$tunnel,$assoc_id,$chunks,$chunks_sent,$chunks_received,$rule_uuid,$http2_connection,$link_change_count,$policy_id,$link_switches,$sdwan_cluster,$sdwan_device_type,$sdwan_cluster_type,$sdwan_site,$dynusergroup_name,$xff_ip,$src_category,$src_profile,$src_model,$src_vendor,$src_osfamily,$src_osversion,$src_host,$src_mac,$dst_category,$dst_profile,$dst_model,$dst_vendor,$dst_osfamily,$dst_osversion,$dst_host,$dst_mac,$container_id,$pod_namespace,$pod_name,$src_edl,$dst_edl,$hostid,$serialnumber,$src_dag,$dst_dag,$session_owner,$high_res_timestamp,$nsdsai_sst,$nsdsai_sd <Token from Step 1>
    ,$receive_time,$serial,$type,$subtype,,$time_generated,$src,$dst,$natsrc,$natdst,$rule,$srcuser,$dstuser,$app,$vsys,$from,$to,$inbound_if,$outbound_if,$logset,,$sessionid,$repeatcnt,$sport,$dport,$natsport,$natdport,$flags,$proto,$action,,$threatid,$category,$severity,$direction,$seqno,$actionflags,$srcloc,$dstloc,,$contenttype,$pcap_id,$filedigest,$cloud,$url_idx,$user_agent,$filetype,$xff,$referer,$sender,$subject,$recipient,$reportid,$dg_hier_level_1,$dg_hier_level_2,$dg_hier_level_3,$dg_hier_level_4,$vsys_name,$device_name,,$src_uuid,$dst_uuid,$http_method,$tunnel_id/$imsi,$monitortag/$imei,$parent_session_id,$parent_start_time,$tunnel,$thr_category,$contentver,,,,$http_headers,$url_category_list,$rule_uuid,$http2_connection,$dynusergroup_name,$xff_ip,$src_category,$src_profile,$src_model,$src_vendor,$src_osfamily,$src_osversion,$src_host,$src_mac,$dst_category,$dst_profile,$dst_model,$dst_vendor,$dst_osfamily,$dst_osversion,$dst_host,$dst_mac,$container_id,$pod_namespace,$pod_name,$src_edl,$dst_edl,$hostid,$serialnumber,,$src_dag,$dst_dag,$partial_hash,$high_res_timestamp,$reason,$justification, <Token from Step 1>
  7. Click OK.
  8. Commit the changes.

Step 3. Configure syslog forwarding

To configure syslog forwarding for traffic and threat logs, follow the steps to Configure Log Forwarding as described in the Palo Networks documentation.

As of March 24, 2022, some Palo Alto Network systems have experienced troubles with validating the Sumo Logic certificate due to their OCSP checking logic. Please contact Palo Alto’s support for a workaround, and if needed, contact Sumo Logic’s support for the related Palo Alto Case number.

Step 4. Verify logs in Palo Alto Networks

In this step, you view logs using the Palo Alto Network Web interface to confirm the logs are generated on the firewall.

To verify the logs in Palo Alto Networks, do the following:

  1. In the Palo Alto Networks UI, select Monitor > Logs.
  2. Once the setup is done, log in to Sumo Logic.
  3. To validate that the logs are flowing to Sumo Logic, run a query using the source category you configured during Step 1, such as: _sourceCategory = NW/PAN/V10.

Installing the PAN Firewall 10 Security app

To install the app, do the following:

  1. From the Sumo Logic navigation, select App Catalog.
  2. In the Search Apps field, search for and then select your app.
    Optionally, you can scroll down to preview the dashboards included with the app.
  3. To install the app, click Install App.
  4. Click Next in the Setup Data section.
  5. In the Configure section of the respective app, complete the following fields.
    1. Key. Select either of these options for the data source.
      • Choose Source Category, and select a source category from the list for Default Value.
      • Choose Custom, and enter a custom metadata field. Insert its value in Default Value.
  6. Click Next. You will be redirected to the Preview & Done section.

Your app will be installed in the Installed Apps folder and dashboard panels will start to fill automatically.

Each panel slowly fills with data matching the time range query and received since the panel was created. Results will not immediately be available, updating with full graphs and charts over time.

Viewing PAN Firewall 10 Security dashboards​

All dashboards have a set of filters that you can apply to the entire dashboard. Use these filters to drill down and examine the data to a granular level.

  • You can change the time range for a dashboard or panel by selecting a predefined interval from a drop-down list, choosing a recently used time range, or specifying custom dates and times. Learn more.
  • You can use template variables to drill down and examine the data on a granular level. For more information, see Filter with template variables.
  • Most Next-Gen apps allow you to provide the scope at the installation time and are comprised of a key (_sourceCategory by default) and a default value for this key. Based on your input, the app dashboards will be parameterized with a dashboard variable, allowing you to change the dataset queried by all panels. This eliminates the need to create multiple copies of the same dashboard with different queries.

Security Analytics - Communication via Critical Ports

The Security Analytics - Communication via Critical Ports dashboard provides analytics including trends for outbound communications via well known ports. Also provides additional analysis of application communications attempts across the firewall.

Use case: You can use this dashboard to analyze daily traffic patterns in outbound volumes of traffic for the following ports: 21, 22, 23, 53, 123, 137, 138, 389, 445, and 3389. The graph on the left compares the current day’s traffic volumes with the volumes of the same time one, two, and three days ago. The table on the right provides a sortable list of those connections.

Additionally at the top of the dashboard are two table containing analytics on known and unknown applications connections using the ports listed above.

Palo Alto Firewall 10 Security Dashboards

Security Analytics - Outbound Traffic and Potential Exfiltration Activity

The Security Analytics - Outbound Traffic and Potential Exfiltration Activity dashboard provides outbound traffic analysis including DNS activity for potential indicators of exfiltration activity.

Use case: You can use this dashboard to review volumes of outbound traffic by host, by application, and timeframe comparisons with last week. Increased and unaccounted for increases in traffic may be the result of unauthorized exfiltration of information. Additional analysis is provided for DNS traffic alone as large amounts of DNS traffic are not part of normal operations.

Palo Alto Firewall 10 Security Dashboards

Security Analytics - Potentially Malicious Activity

The Security Analytics - Potentially Malicious Activity dashboard provides information about traffic to and from IP addresses called out as potentially malicious by threat intelligence, countries that are on the OFAC (embargoed) list, and potential port scans.

Use case: You can use this dashboard to analyze attempted and successful connections to IP addresses on threat intelligence lists both inbound and outbound. Additionally you can view connections to geolocation IP addresses associated with countries on the OFAC list (USA embargo list). Finally the bottom panel provides analysis on vertical port scans (one target, scanned on multiple network ports) and horizontal port scans (same port scanned across multiple destinations.)

Palo Alto Firewall 10 Security Dashboards

Security Monitoring - THREAT Log by Category

The Security Monitoring - THREAT Log by Category dashboard provides analytics about the THREAT type logs provided by the firewall. These are the indications of security events detected by the firewall’s defensive measures such as anti-malware, network intrusion detection, and the like.

Use case: You can use this dashboard to review THREAT events in summary or broken down by category: Command-and-control, Phishing, Malware, Proxy Anonymizers, Newly Registered Domains, Cryptocurrency, Questionable, and High-Risk.

Palo Alto Firewall 10 Security Dashboards

Security Monitoring - THREAT Logs by Severity

The Security Monitoring - THREAT Logs by Severity dashboard provides analytics about the THREAT type logs provided by the firewall. These are the indications of security events detected by the firewall’s defensive measures such as anti-malware, network intrusion detection, and the like.

Use case: You can use this dashboard to review THREAT events broken down by severity, allowing you to focus on the critical events first but also providing events of lesser severity for additional triage and investigation if necessary.

Palo Alto Firewall 10 Security Dashboards

Security Monitoring - TRAFFIC Log Overview

The Security Monitoring - TRAFFIC Log Overview dashboard helps you to monitor allowed and denied traffic over time by volume and host.

Use case: You can use this dashboard to monitor allowed and denied traffic through the firewall. Analysis is provided over time and in lists of top 10 sources, destinations, and hosts.

Palo Alto Firewall 10 Security Dashboards
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